They used power saws and elevators powered by windmills, and had warehouses for spare parts. Thanks to their efficiency, they supplied no only to his country’s fleet, but also to all his rivals. As the Netherlands had few forests, they had to import practically all the wood for the shipyards, especially from the Baltic area. […]

Read more

In Europe they could be seen in the wide rivers such as the Rhine, Danube, Rhone and Seine, as well as in the Mediterranean and Baltic seas, and in the English Channel. The steamer reached the North Atlantic with the voyage of the auxiliary steamer Savannah in 1820, but regular transatlantic service did not begin […]

Read more

Meanwhile, the same taxpayers suffer from rising unemployment, restrictions on public health programs and cuts in other sectors of social benefits that together redraw the social structure and worsen the living conditions of society, with now greater inequalities than what happened a few decades ago. The same situation can be seen in Europe, whose countries […]

Read more

Carts and wagons of all shapes and sizes cross the streets incessantly, from the vogue with its two colossal tin-foil cans of the milk vendor, to carts carrying loads of thirds and trunks. Bread, vegetables, meat, beer, soda, everything is driven in carts and is proclaimed in all tones, with great insistence, although in a […]

Read more

The Allies delivered the coup de grace to Germany with the D-Day landing in France on June 6, 1944. Germany surrendered in May 1945, but Japan continued to fight. Newly elected President Harry Truman decided to settle the matter with a new bomb, the result of a top-secret investigation called the “Manhattan Project.” In August […]

Read more

Captain Pedro Allande y Saavedra, in command of the San Agustín del Tucson prison (June 12, 1777 – summer 1786), where he only had 59 soldiers out of the 77 assigned, for which he paid Indian auxiliaries out of pocket, launched a campaign in the mountains of Santa Catarina, which destroys two Apache settlements, kills […]

Read more

Popper was aware of the enormous progress in scientific knowledge that was experienced in the centuries that preceded him, while problems such as the existence of God or the origin of the moral law seemed to be resisted without remedy, since they did not show great advances since classical Greece. . Therefore, the search for […]

Read more

In light of these multiple possibilities, we are going to study historical data to see what role 20th century governments actually played. As some of the functions of government, especially the first, have already been covered in Chapter 8, and trade policy will be discussed in the next, this brief discussion focuses on the other […]

Read more

The Spanish and the Portuguese, concentrating on exploiting their overseas empires, left the business of distributing their imports throughout Europe, and also the business of shipping most of their exports to the colonies, to other Europeans. Of these, the most aggressive were those from the Netherlands, especially the Dutch and the Flemings. In the words […]

Read more